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  • Mysterious Jewels
  • Blues for Gilbert
  • Vibraphone Tune
  • Solo for Vibraphone

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Vibraphone:


Brief description

Vibraphone
German: Vibraphon
French: Vibraphone
Italian: Vibrafono

The onomatopoeic name vibraphone refers to the instrument’s vibrating sound and is derived from the Latin vibrare (= vibrate, tremble) and the Greek phoné (= sound). The terms vibraharp and vibes were also common.

This very young instrument, which emerged in the USA at the time of the First World War, is a metallophone with resonators and an electric motor and is based on the metal marimba. The instrument’s vibrating sound takes its inspiration from the human voice. The vibraphone is the most mechanically complex and sophisticated of all mallet instruments.

The new instrument, which combines melodic and harmonic characteristics, quickly became a firm favorite with jazz and dance bands and from 1945 succeeded in establishing itself in art music too.

Classification
Idiophone, metallophone, percussion instrument with definite pitch, mallet instrument

Metal bars
Light metal, aluminum alloy; width: 3.9–5.7 cm, thickness: 1–1.3 cm, length: 18–35 cm

Resonator tubes
Aluminum, 5–6 cm diameter, with covers, that periodically open and close, producing a pulsing note (vibrato effect)

Frame in the form of a table
Length: between approx. 124–143 cm, width: 74–82 cm

Stand
Metal stand with wheels so that the instrument can be moved around easily

Weight
Between 38 and 61 kg

Height
81–94 cm (adjustable)

Damper pedal
Stops the damping of a note

Motor
0–12 rotations/sec

Mallets
Material: wrapped in yarn, cord or cloth; soft rubber

Tuning
Tuned to 442 hertz equal temperament