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> INSTRUMENTOLOGY > STRINGS > Violin > Brief Description

Brief description

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Violin
German: Violine
French: violon
Italian: violino

The violin is the soprano instrument of the violin family (violin, viola, cello).

It consists of three main parts, the body, the neck and the head, which are composed of a total of 80 separate components.

The body not only gives the violin its characteristic appearance but also determines the sound quality as it is the instrument’s resonator.
The neck plays an important role in playing technique and is about 13 cm long and angled slightly back from the body. The circumference is the same along its entire length which makes it easier for the left hand to slide up and down to different positions).
The head, with the pegbox and scroll, is a continuation of the neck. The pegs, which are used to adjust the tension of the strings, are found in the four peg holes in the pegbox: the instrument is tuned by turning the pegs. The head is rounded off by the scroll.

The fingerboard extends beyond the neck over the body and is important for intonation. The length of the fingerboard determines how far the range extends upward. The strings are stretched above and parallel to the fingerboard.

Classification
Chordophone, necked lute, stringed instrument

Head
Scroll, pegbox, 4 side-mounted pegs

Neck
Length: approx. 13 cm, top nut, fretless fingerboard

Body
Length: approx. 35.5 cm, box form
Belly with F-shaped sound holes, back, ribs.

Strings
Length of the vibrating strings: 32.8 cm, 4 strings, tuned to intervals of a fifth: G3, D4, A4, E5. Material: gut, silver, copper, aluminum, steel, nylon.

Bow
Length: 74 cm; rod, point, adjustable frog

Mute
Comb-shaped device made of metal or maple which damps the vibration of the bridge.