Piccolo trumpet - History
High register valve trumpets were first made in the second half of the 19th century so that baroque clarino parts could once again be played.
In the 1880s the German trumpeter Julius Kosleck began playing baroque trumpet parts on a straight-tubed trumpet in A with two valves. From the 1890s, trumpets in high Eb/D and F/Eb were made in Belgium, but failed to gain widespread acceptance – in 1905, for instance, Richard Strauss (1864–1949) recommended the use of metal clarinets in Eb for the baroque trumpet parts in the extended and revised version of Berlioz’s instrumentation theory (!).
In 1905 Victor Charles Mahillon (1841–1925) developed a piccolo trumpet in high Bb with the fundamental Bb3. This instrument achieved general acceptance in the 1960s.
Nowadays many jazz trumpeters try to follow the example of the baroque clarino wind players by pushing the trumpet’s range to higher and higher registers. Cat Anderson and Maynard Ferguson are two of the most influential jazz trumpeters to have reached the heights of the third and even fourth octaves above middle C. Miles Davis and Wynton Marsalis are well-known for their efforts to incorporate elements of serious music into jazz.
Périnet valve trumpet in Bb, The H.N. White Co., Cleveland, Ohio, ca. 1931. The world's smallest playable Périnet valve trumpet (Musikinstrumentenmuseum Schloss Kremsegg, Austria, Streitwieser collection)